Kocharov, L, Laitinen, Timo Lauri mikael, Vainio, R, Afanasiev, A, Mursula, M and Ryan, JM (2015) Solar interacting protons versus interplanetary protons in the core plus halo model of diffusive shock acceleration and stochastic re-acceleration. The Astrophysical Journal, 806 (80). ISSN 0004-637X
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/806/1/80
With the first observations of solar γ-rays from the decay of pions, the relationship of protons producing ground level enhancements (GLEs) on the Earth to those of similar energies producing the γ-rays on the Sun has been debated. These two populations may be either independent and simply coincident in large flares, or they may be, in fact, the same population stemming from a single accelerating agent and jointly distributed at the Sun and also in space. Assuming the latter, we model a scenario in which particles are accelerated near the Sun in a shock wave with a fraction transported back to the solar surface to radiate, while the remainder is detected at Earth in the form of a GLE. Interplanetary ions versus ions interacting at the Sun are studied for a spherical shock wave propagating in a radial magnetic field through a highly turbulent radial ray (the acceleration core) and surrounding weakly turbulent sector in which the accelerated particles can propagate toward or away from the Sun. The model presented here accounts for both the first-order Fermi acceleration at the shock front and the second-order, stochastic re-acceleration by the turbulence enhanced behind the shock. We find that the re-acceleration is important in generating the γ-radiation and we also find that up to 10% of the particle population can find its way to the Sun as compared to particles escaping to the interplanetary space.
|Uncontrolled Keywords (separate with ;):||acceleration of particles; plasmas; shock waves; Sun; coronal mass ejections (CMEs); Sun: particle emission; turbulence|
|Subjects:||Physical sciences > Astronomy|
|Schools:||Faculty of Science and Technology > School of Physical Sciences and Computing > Jeremiah Horrocks Institute|
|Deposited By:||Nuala Jones|
|Deposited On:||11 Jun 2015 16:06|
|Last Modified:||12 Jan 2017 16:52|
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