Tredgett, John (2015) Do increases in task difficulty lead to corresponding increases in group efficacy, cohesiveness and performance? Masters thesis, University of Central Lancashire.
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The three Royal Air Force Development Training Centres (RAFDTCs) have been established to provide personal and team development training for all ranks. Outdoor activities are used at the centres as a catalyst to promote learning and exploration. Anecdotal evidence suggests there is a training effect from the centre activities however, a link to a specific effect remains elusive. The study, conducted at RAFDTC Fairbourne, explored whether increases in task difficulty (easy, moderate & hard), correspond with increases in group efficacy, group cohesion and performance time to complete the task. Additionally, following literature surrounding mediating and moderating variables (Kim, Kay, & Wright, 2001), research explored whether a triadic reciprocal causation between efficacy, cohesion and performance could be established (Bandura, 2001). The study participants were teams of 6 adults, randomly assigned to training groups for centre activities [12 (pilot) & 68 (main)]. To explore relationships between task difficulty, group efficacy, cohesiveness and group performance, a Leonardo`s Bridge Building exercise (Metalogs, 2010) was set. A small pilot study compared efficacy collection methods and was adjusted accordingly. Both pilot and main studies confirmed that, as task difficulty increases, there is a corresponding increase in time to complete the task (pilot study, pearson’s r (12) = .968*, p= .000 (1 tailed) & main study pearson’s r (68) = .642*, p= .000 (1 tailed)). The pilot study results indicated time was a significant predictor of pre and post task efficacy F(1.000,9.000)=5.880,p=.038, ηp2=.395 and that task level F(2.000,9.000)=12.000,p=.003, ηp2=.727 interacted with time to predict task efficacy. However, the larger sample in the main study did not confirm either of these findings. Results do not support a triadic reciprocal relationship between group efficacy, cohesion and performance. Group efficacy and cohesion (i.e., Group Integration Task) only appeared as an effect of performance.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Masters)|
|Uncontrolled Keywords (separate with ;):||RAFDTC, Outdoor activities, Efficacy, Social cognitive theory, Cohesion, Task difficulty, Performance, Triadic reciprocal relationship.|
|Subjects:||C - Biological sciences > C800 - Psychology|
|Schools:||Faculty of Health and Wellbeing > School of Sport and Wellbeing|
|Deposited By:||Paul Harrison|
|Deposited On:||20 Jul 2015 12:46|
|Last Modified:||10 Feb 2017 12:41|
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