Taylor, Paul John, Vincent, Hayley, Atkins, Stephen and Sinclair, Jonathan Kenneth (2015) Acute exposure to foot orthoses affects joint stiffness characteristics in recreational male runners. Comparative Exercise Physiology, 11 (3). pp. 183-190. ISSN 1478-0615
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3920/CEP150006
Commercially available foot orthoses are advocated for the treatment of chronic running injuries, such as patellofemoral pain, yet the mechanisms behind their effects are not well understood. This study aimed to examine the limb and joint stiffness characteristics when running with and without orthotics. Twelve recreational runners ran at 4.0 m/s. Limb stiffness was obtained using a spring-mass model of running by dividing the peak vertical ground reaction force (GRF) by the amount of limb compression. Knee and ankle joint stiffness’s were calculated by dividing the peak sagittal plane joint moment by the joint angular excursion. Differences between orthotic and non-orthotic running conditions were contrasted using paired samples t-tests. The results indicate that both peak knee extensor moment (orthotic = 2.74±0.57 and no-orthotic = 3.12±0.62 Nm/kg) and knee stiffness (orthotic = 5.56±1.08 and no-orthotic = 6.47±1.40 Nm/kg rad) were significantly larger when running without orthotics. This study may give further insight into the mechanical effects of commercially available foot orthoses. The current investigation provides some evidence to suggest that orthoses may be able to improve patellofemoral pathologies in recreational runners although further investigation is required.
|Uncontrolled Keywords (separate with ;):||Biomechanics; limb stiffness; joint stiffness; orthotics|
|Schools:||Faculty of Health and Wellbeing > School of Sport and Wellbeing|
|Deposited By:||Jonathan Kenneth Sinclair|
|Deposited On:||18 Aug 2015 09:18|
|Last Modified:||25 Aug 2016 08:47|
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