Moffatt, Colin, Heaton, Viv and De Haan, Dorine (2015) The distribution of blow fly (Diptera: Calliphoridae) larval lengths and its implications for estimating post mortem intervals. International Journal of Legal Medicine . ISSN 0937-9827
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00414-015-1289-9
The length or stage of development of blow fly (Diptera: Calliphoridae) larvae may be used to estimate a minimum post mortem interval, often by targeting the largest individuals of a species in the belief that they will be the oldest. However, natural variation in rate of development, and therefore length, implies that the size of the largest larva, as well as the number of larvae longer than any stated length, will be greater for larger cohorts. Length data from the blow flies Protophormia terraenovae and Lucilia sericata were collected from one field-based- and two laboratory-based experiments. The field cohorts contained considerably more individuals than have been used for reference data collection in the literature. Cohorts were shown to have an approximately normal distribution. Summary statistics were derived from the collected data allowing the quantification of errors in development time which arise when different sized cohorts are compared through their largest larvae. These errors may be considerable, and can lead to over-estimation of post-mortem intervals when making comparisons with reference data collected from smaller cohorts. This source of error has hitherto been overlooked in forensic entomology.
|Subjects:||Historical & philosophical studies > History by topic not elsewhere classified|
C - Biological sciences > C100 - Biology
|Schools:||Faculty of Science and Technology > School of Forensic and Applied Sciences|
|Deposited By:||Colin Moffatt|
|Deposited On:||09 Feb 2016 16:56|
|Last Modified:||20 Oct 2016 15:12|
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