Francis, Jonathan and Parker, Darren (2015) Numerical simulation of observed flow phenomena in the supply and control ports and associated feed channels of a mini-vortex amplifier. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, 229 . ISSN 0954-4062
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0954406215573599
The trajectory and reach of jets issuing from tangential control ports at the periphery of a vortex amplifier’s swirl
chamber depend largely on design geometry, size and pressures applied. Excessive control port pressure causes these jets to extend too far across the face of the radial supply ports, to impact on the opposing supply port wall whereupon, they bifurcate to create back diffusion of control port flow along the supply port channels.
Flow through vortex amplifier geometry is simulated using a baseline Reynolds stress turbulence model with CFX automatic wall treatment. Anisotropic stress and vortex stretching in the swirl chamber and outlet have not prevented convergence (based on normalised vortex amplifier residuals). Known flow structures are reproduced. This paper is focussed on simulation close to pressures needed for bifurcation. Just before the point on an operating characteristic at which bifurcated tangential flow appears, the recirculation zone crossing most of the radial supply stretches to intermittently cut off the radial flow. The steady state results indicate asymmetry between the four ports, as smoke visualisation tests also imply. The transient results are sufficient to demonstrate time-dependent structures and suggest periodicity of flow structures. The model can be used to inform design and operability studies. Moreover, a curious near-wall structure of spinning flow not previously reported has been predicted close to the axis and hugging the swirl chamber wall opposite the outlet, at radii within the forced part of the Rankine vortex.
|Uncontrolled Keywords (separate with ;):||Vortex diode; vortex amplifier; baseline; Reynolds stress model; bifurcated jet; periodic flow structures|
|Subjects:||Engineering > Mechanical engineering|
|Schools:||Faculty of Science and Technology > School of Engineering|
|Deposited By:||Jonathan Francis|
|Deposited On:||18 Feb 2016 13:42|
|Last Modified:||20 Oct 2016 15:10|
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