Ramsingh, B. (2014) The emergence of international food safety standards and guidelines: understanding the current landscape through a historical approach. Perspectives in Public Health, 134 (4). pp. 206-215. ISSN 1757-9139
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1757913914536557
Following the Second World War, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) teamed up to construct an International Codex Alimentarius (or 'food code') which emerged in 1963. The Codex Committee on Food Hygiene (CCFH) was charged with the task of developing microbial hygiene standards, although it found itself embroiled in debate with the WHO over the nature these standards should take. The WHO was increasingly relying upon the input of biometricians and especially the International Commission on Microbial Specifications for Foods (ICMSF) which had developed statistical sampling plans for determining the microbial counts in the final end products. The CCFH, however, was initially more focused on a qualitative approach which looked at the entire food production system and developed codes of practice as well as more descriptive end-product specifications which the WHO argued were 'not scientifically correct'. Drawing upon historical archival material (correspondence and reports) from the WHO and FAO, this article examines this debate over microbial hygiene standards and suggests that there are many lessons from history which could shed light upon current debates and efforts in international food safety management systems and approaches.
|Uncontrolled Keywords (separate with ;):||food safety; food hygiene; standards; Codex Alimentarius; Codex Committee on Food Hygiene; Betty C Hobbs; Food and Agriculture Organization; World Health Organization; International Commission on Microbial Specifications for Foods; United Nations, International Organization for Standardization; Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point|
|Subjects:||A - Medicine & dentistry > A990 - Medicine & dentistry not elsewhere classified|
|Schools:||Faculty of Health and Wellbeing > School of Sport and Wellbeing|
|Deposited By:||Hayley Tyrer|
|Deposited On:||22 Feb 2016 15:24|
|Last Modified:||14 Feb 2017 12:35|
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