WANG, D, LIU, Y, WANG, Y, ARTILES, C, Hull, T Richard and PRICE, D
Fire retardancy of a reactively extruded intumescent flame retardant polyethylene system enhanced by metal chelates.
Polymer Degradation and Stability, 92
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2007.0...
A reactive extrusion technology was adopted to synthesize a flame retardant (ER), based on the esterification of melamine phosphate and pentaerythritol. The ER imparts good flame retardancy and non-dripping for polyethylene (PE) when combined with ammonium polyphosphate to yield an intumescent polyethylene (PE–IFR). The performance of this intumescent system has been enhanced by the addition of small amounts (0.2%) chelated copper(II)salicylaldehyde (CuSA) and salicylaldoxime, (CuSAO). The thermal stabilization and burning behaviour of the flame retardant PE system have been investigated by TGA, LOI, the UL-94 test and cone calorimetry. All formulations studied provide good flame retardant behaviour, with LOI ≥ 27.4 and UL-94 V-0 rating. The onset of decomposition in TGA for flame retarded PE (PE–IFR, PE–IFR–CuSA and PE–IFR–CuSAO) commences at lower temperature than that of PE with release of blowing agent, but continues to a higher temperature, leaving a greater residue. Significant differences have been observed in burning behaviour using cone calorimetry, between flame retarded PE (PE–IFR, PE–IFR–CuSA and PE–IFR–CuSAO) and PE, showing decreases in HRR, PHRR, MLR, FIGRA and CO emission.
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