Costa, Pedro Alexander and Davies, Michelle (2012) Portuguese adolescents' attitudes toward sexual minorities: transphobia, homophobia and gender roles belief. Journal of Homosexuality, 59 (10). pp. 1424-1442. ISSN 1540-3602
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00918369.2012.724944
Research has shown that negative attitudes toward lesbians and gay men are common and widespread in Western societies. However, few studies have addressed attitudes toward transgender individuals. In addition, although research has shown that homophobic harassment and bullying is highly common among adolescents, little is known about adolescent's attitudes toward sexual minorities. This study aimed to fill these gaps in knowledge, by investigating adolescents' attitudes toward transgender individuals and possible attitudinal correlates of those attitudes. Participants (N = 188; 62 males and 126 females) were recruited in high schools in Lisbon, Portugal. Age ranged from 15 to 19 years (M = 17; SD = .96). Participants completed a questionnaire booklet measuring attitudes toward transgender individuals, lesbians, and gay men, and gender role beliefs. Results revealed that attitudes toward transgender individuals were significantly correlated with all attitude measures. Specifically, it was revealed that those participants who endorsed negative attitudes toward transgender individuals were also endorsing of negative attitudes toward lesbians and gay men and tended to adhere to traditional gender roles. A significant gender effect was found with males being more negative toward sexual minorities than females, but these negative attitudes were more extreme toward gay men than toward lesbian women. Implications of these findings are discussed.
|Uncontrolled Keywords (separate with ;):||attitudes; homophobia; transphobia; gender roles; adolescent development|
|Subjects:||C - Biological sciences > C800 - Psychology|
|Schools:||Faculty of Science and Technology > School of Psychology|
|Deposited By:||Helen Cooper|
|Deposited On:||05 Jul 2011 10:02|
|Last Modified:||14 Feb 2017 13:51|
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