Hull, T Richard, Witkowski, Artur and Hollingbery, Luke
Fire retardant action of mineral fillers.
Polymer degredation and Stability, 96
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2011.0...
Endothermically decomposing mineral fillers, such as aluminium or magnesium hydroxide, magnesium carbonate, or mixed magnesium/calcium carbonates and hydroxides, such as
naturally occurring mixtures of huntite and hydromagnesite are in heavy demand as sustainable, environmentally benign fire retardants. They are more difficult to deploy than the
halogenated flame retardants they are replacing, as their modes of action are more complex, and are not equally effective in different polymers. In addition to their presence (at levels up to 70%), reducing the flammable content of the material, they have three quantifiable fire
retardant effects: heat absorption through endothermic decomposition; increased heat capacity of the polymer residue; increased heat capacity of the gas phase through the presence of water or carbon dioxide. These three contributions have been quantified for eight of the most common fire retardant mineral fillers, and the effects on standard fire tests such as the LOI, UL 94 and cone calorimeter discussed. By quantifying these estimable
contributions, more subtle effects, which they might otherwise mask, may be identified.
|Uncontrolled Keywords (separate with ;):||Aluminium hydroxide; ATH; fire; flame; retardant; filler; cone calorimeter; oxygen index; UL 94|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry|
|Schools:||School of Forensic & Investigative Sciences|
|Deposited On:||02 Dec 2011 17:45|
|Last Modified:||14 Feb 2013 11:23|
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