Taylor, Christine, Gribble, Karleen, Sheehan, Athena, Schmied, Virginia and Dykes, Fiona Clare
Staff Perceptions and Experiences of Implementing the Baby Friendly Initiative in Neonatal Intensive Care Units in Australia.
Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 40
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1552-6909.2010.01204.x
Objective: To explore the perceptions, understandings, and experiences of maternity service staff toward the World
Health Organization/United Nations Children’s Fund (WHO/UNICEF) Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) and its implementation in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU).
Design: An exploratory study using naturalistic methods of inquiry.
Setting: Participants were recruited from a total of four Australian metropolitan maternity hospitals of which two
included a NICU. Focus groups and individual interviews were undertaken in the participants’ choice of location,
Participants: Forty-seven participants included nursing and midwifery staff and one pediatrician.
Methods: Data from focus groups and interviews were transcribed and thematic analysis used to identify themes
related to implementation and perceptions of staff regarding BFHI.
Results: Major themes identified focused on the differences in NICUs relative to maternity units, separate worlds of
mother and infant, the hard work involved in implementing the BFHI, and the positive attitude that BFHI can be
achieved. There were misconceptions by participants on the nature of the BFHI as it applied to NICUs. Factors
hindering and supporting BFHI implementation were also identified.
Conclusion: Motivated staff, educational support, and clear guidelines are essential to support implementation of the
BFHI in NICUs
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