Larson, Mitchell Jonathan, Ward, Karen and Wilson, John F.
Banking from Leeds, not London: regional strategy and structure at the Yorkshire Bank, 1859–1952.
Accounting, Business & Financial History, 20
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09585206.2010.485744
Industrial philanthropist Edward Akroyd created the Yorkshire Penny Savings Bank in 1859. Despite competition from the Post Office Savings Bank after 1861 and a serious reserve problem in 1911, it sustained his overall strategy to become a successful regional bank. Using archival and contemporary sources to build on recent scholarship illustrating how savings banks were integrated into local economies and the complementary roles of philanthropy and paternalism, we analyse an English regional bank's strategy, including an assessment of strategic innovation, ownership changes and management structure. This will demonstrate that the founder's vision continued, even though the 1911 crisis radically altered both strategy and structure.
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