Fragaki, Aikaterini, Andersen, Anders N. and Toke, David
Exploration of economical sizing of gas engine and thermal store for
combined heat and power plants in the UK.
There has been discussion about the extent to which combinedheat and power (CHP) plants with thermalstores are suitable for sustainable energy production. At the moment, in the UK the development of this type of plant is limited. This paper analyses the economics and optimum size of CHP operating with gasengines and thermalstores in British market conditions. This is achieved using energyPRO software. It is shown that, due to the big differences in electricity prices between day and night, the use of thermalstores could be profitable in the UK. The economical size of CHP plant for a district or community heating load of 20,000 MWh per year is found to be a 3 MWe gasengine with a 7.8 MWh thermalstore. In this case the analysis reveals that the use of a thermalstore more than doubles the return on investments (as measured in net present value) compared with the same size of a plant without a thermalstore. It is concluded that thermalstores can improve the overall economics of CHP plants in present British circumstances.