This is a compilation of contemporary, accessible material from reputable academics with an interest in the South African media, and the changes that are currently impacting on the public's ability to engage with it. The book addresses two vital sections of the communication landscape in South Africa. Firstly, it introduces notions and practices of citizen journalism in the growing trend of civilians providing media footage, blogging and SMS commentary. Secondly, it looks at the prevalence and effectiveness of community media, as well as the challenges such media face on a day-to-day basis. In this way, the text explores the scope and effectiveness of two alternative forms of communication that in theory are designed to allow for the 'voiceless' citizenry to express their opinions and experiences. To enhance active learning practices, each chapter starts with key terms and concepts. South African examples are provided to show relevance and the applicability of theoretical frameworks. To assist with the consolidation process, each chapter ends with topics/questions for discussion and suggested further reading.