Marsh, John E., Hughes, Robert W. and Jones, Dylan M.
Auditory distraction in semantic memory: A process-based approach.
Journal of Memory and Language, 58
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jml.2007.05.002
Five experiments demonstrate auditory-semantic distraction in tests of memory for semantic category-exemplars. The effects of irrelevant sound on category-exemplar recall are shown to be functionally distinct from those found in the context of serial short-term memory by showing sensitivity to: The lexical-semantic, rather than acoustic, properties of sound (Experiment 1) and between-sequence semantic similarity (Experiments 1–5) but only under conditions in which the task is free, not serial, recall (Experiment 3) and when the irrelevant sound items are dominant members of a semantic category (Experiment 4). The experiments also reveal evidence of a breakdown of a source-monitoring process under conditions of between-sequence semantic similarity (Experiments 2–5). Results are discussed in terms of activation and inhibition accounts and support a dynamic, process-oriented, rather than a structurally based, account of forgetting.
|Uncontrolled Keywords (separate with ;):||Auditory distraction; Semantic interference; Interference-by-process; Selective attention; Inhibition, Source monitoring|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Schools:||School of Psychology|
|Deposited On:||15 Oct 2012 09:41|
|Last Modified:||20 Feb 2013 15:03|
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