Stupple, Edward J.N and Ball, Linden
Belief–logic conflict resolution in syllogistic reasoning: Inspection-time evidence for a parallel process model.
Thinking & Reasoning, 14
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13546780701739782
An experiment is reported examining dual-process models of belief bias in syllogistic reasoning using a problem complexity manipulation and an inspection-time method to monitor processing latencies for premises and conclusions. Endorsement rates indicated increased belief bias on complex problems, a finding that runs counter to the “belief-first” selective scrutiny model, but which is consistent with other theories, including “reasoning-first” and “parallel-process” models. Inspection-time data revealed a number of effects that, again, arbitrated against the selective scrutiny model. The most striking inspection-time result was an interaction between logic and belief on premise-processing times, whereby belief – logic conflict problems promoted increased latencies relative to non-conflict problems. This finding challenges belief-first and reasoning-first models, but is directly predicted by parallel-process models, which assume that the outputs of simultaneous heuristic and analytic processing streams lead to an awareness of belief – logic conflicts than then require time-consuming resolution.
|Uncontrolled Keywords (separate with ;):||Belief bias; Dual process theories; Syllogistic reasoning; Inspection time analysis; Parallel process models
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Schools:||School of Psychology|
|Deposited On:||12 Nov 2012 14:46|
|Last Modified:||03 Mar 2014 14:20|
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