Altinok, Haydar, Nixon, S.Keith, Gorry, Peter A., Attwood, David, Booth, Colin, Kelarakis, Antonios and Havredaki, Vasiliki (1999) Micellisation and gelation of diblock copolymers of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide in aqueous solution, the effect of P-block length. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 16 (1-4). pp. 73-91. ISSN 09277765
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0927-7765(99)00062-4
The aqueous solution properties of five diblock copolymers prepared by sequential anionic copolymerisation (i.e. E102P37, E104P52, E92P55, E104P60 and E98P73 where E denotes oxyethylene and P denotes oxypropylene) were studied across a wide range of concentration. The techniques used to study micellisation and micellar properties in dilute solution were static and dynamic light scattering, surface tension, and eluent gel-permeation chromatography. The gelation of concentrated solutions was also investigated. As expected, the critical micelle concentration (CMC) was lowered and the association number of the micelles was increased by an increase in P-block length. In contrast, the critical gel concentration was unchanged, consistent with the constant E-block length leading to micelles with essentially identical E-block fringes. Comparison of the CMCs of the diblock copolymers with those of triblock EmPnEm copolymers with the same P-block length shows the diblock copolymers to micellise more efficiently. A similar comparison of the CMCs of the diblock copolymers with those of EmBn copolymer (B denotes oxybutylene) shows the hydrophobicity of a P unit to be one-sixth that of a B unit. The possibility is explored of correlating the limiting association number of a spherical micelle with the hydrophobe block length of its constituent copolymer. Of the five copolymers, only dilute solutions of E98P73 were predominantly micellar at both room temperature and body temperature, and this copolymer must be a prime candidate in any consideration of the potential application of EmPn copolymers in the solubilisation and controlled release of drugs.
|Subjects:||Physical sciences > Chemistry|
|Schools:||Faculty of Science and Technology > School of Physical Sciences and Computing|
|Deposited By:||Antonios Kelarakis|
|Deposited On:||05 Nov 2013 14:10|
|Last Modified:||09 Aug 2016 15:20|
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