The Prediction of Frictional Temperature Increases in Dry, Sliding Contacts between Different Materials

Smith, Edward H orcid iconORCID: 0000-0003-0093-4463 and Arnell, R Derek (2014) The Prediction of Frictional Temperature Increases in Dry, Sliding Contacts between Different Materials. Tribology Letters, 55 (2). pp. 315-328. ISSN 1023-8883

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The work done in overcoming frictional resistance between sliding surfaces is transformed into heat at the separate, very small and very highly-loaded asperity contacts that make up the real area of contact. The temperature increases at these initial asperity contacts (the 'flash temperatures') are superimposed on the bulk temperature and give maximum temperatures at the asperity contacts which, although of very short duration, can cause important local changes at and near the surfaces.
In an earlier paper [1] the authors presented a new approach to calculating these maximum temperatures that relies on the solution, by finite-element analysis, of the three-dimensional equation for transient heat flow in a hemispherical asperity. Also, a Design of Experiments (DoE) exercise produced predictions for the temperature that agreed extremely well with the FE calculations, and response surfaces were presented that facilitated the determination of maximum temperatures without resorting to FE analysis.
The preliminary analysis described in [1] treated the simplest case of the interaction between two identical asperities of the same material. In this paper the analysis is extended to the interaction of asperities of different materials with widely different thermal and mechanical properties and it is shown that it can be applied successfully to such situations.
Many earlier models of frictional heating have been designed to calculate the flash temperature rises, under the assumption that the total maximum temperature rise could then be predicted by adding the bulk temperature to the flash temperature rise. However, there is a generic problem with this approach as the bulk temperature varies rapidly immediately below the contacting asperities and monotonically

1. Smith, E.H., Arnell, R.D. : A new approach to the calculation of flash temperatures in dry, sliding contacts. Tribology Letters, 53 (3). pp. 407-414. ISSN 1023-8883.

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