Anti-parallel EUV flows observed along active region filament threads with HI-C

Alexander, Caroline, Walsh, Robert William orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-1025-9863, Regnier, Stephane orcid iconORCID: 0000-0001-8954-4183, Cirtain, Jonathan, Winebarger, Amy R., Golub, Leon, Kobayashi, Ken, Platt, Simon Philip orcid iconORCID: 0000-0003-4431-8814, Mitchell, Nicholas Philip et al (2013) Anti-parallel EUV flows observed along active region filament threads with HI-C. The Astrophysical Journal, 775 (1). L32. ISSN 2041-8205

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Plasma flows within prominences/filaments have been observed for many years and hold valuable clues concerning the mass and energy balance within these structures. Previous observations of these flows primarily come from Hα and cool extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) lines (e.g., 304 Å) where estimates of the size of the prominence threads has been limited by the resolution of the available instrumentation. Evidence of "counter-steaming" flows has previously been inferred from these cool plasma observations, but now, for the first time, these flows have been directly imaged along fundamental filament threads within the million degree corona (at 193 Å). In this work, we present observations of an AR filament observed with the High-resolution Coronal Imager (Hi-C) that exhibits anti-parallel flows along adjacent filament threads. Complementary data from the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO)/Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) and Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager are presented. The ultra-high spatial and temporal resolution of Hi-C allow the anti-parallel flow velocities to be measured (70-80 km s-1) and gives an indication of the resolvable thickness of the individual strands (0.″8 ± 0.″1). The temperature of the plasma flows was estimated to be log T (K) = 5.45 ± 0.10 using Emission Measure loci analysis. We find that SDO/AIA cannot clearly observe these anti-parallel flows or measure their velocity or thread width due to its larger pixel size. We suggest that anti-parallel/counter-streaming flows are likely commonplace within all filaments and are currently not observed in EUV due to current instrument spatial resolution. © 2013. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

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