Do orthotic walkers affect knee and hip function during gait?

Richards, Jim orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-4004-3115, Payne, Katherine, Myatt, Darren and Chohan, Ambreen orcid iconORCID: 0000-0003-0544-7832 (2014) Do orthotic walkers affect knee and hip function during gait? Prosthetics and Orthotics International .

[thumbnail of Authors Post print]
PDF (Authors Post print) - Accepted Version

Official URL:


Background and Aim: Much previous research on orthotic walkers has focussed on their ability to offload structures in the foot and ankle; however, little is known about their effects on lower limb mechanics. This study aimed to determine effects of two orthotic walkers on the biomechanics of the knee and hip joints compared to standardised footwear.
Technique: A total of 10 healthy participants walked under three conditions: Walker A (Össur, Iceland), Walker B (DJO Global, USA) and standardised footwear (Hotter, UK). Kinematic and kinetic data were collected using a Qualisys motion analysis system (Qualisys Medical AB, Sweden) and force plates (AMTI, Boston, MA, USA). Significant differences were seen in hip kinematics and knee moments between walkers and standardised footwear and in knee kinematics between Walker A and standardised footwear.
Discussion: Both walkers show significant kinematic and kinetic differences compared with standardised footwear; however, Walker A appeared to produce greater deviation, including potentially damaging greater hyperextension moments at the knee.

Repository Staff Only: item control page