European neonatal intensive care nursing research priorities: an e-Delphi study

Wielenga, J. M., Tume, Lyvonne Nicole orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-2547-8209, Latour, J. M. and van den Hoogen, A. (2014) European neonatal intensive care nursing research priorities: an e-Delphi study. Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition . ISSN 1359-2998

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This study aimed to identify and prioritise neonatal intensive care nursing research topics across Europe using an e-Delphi technique.

An e-Delphi technique with three questionnaire rounds was performed. Qualitative responses of round one were analysed by content analysis and research statements were generated to be ranged on importance on a scale of 1–6 (not important to most important).

Neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in 17 European countries.

NICU clinical nurses, managers, educators and researchers (n=75).


Main outcome measures:
A list of 43 research statements in eight domains.

The six highest ranking statements (≥5.0 mean score) were related to prevention and reduction of pain (mean 5.49; SD 1.07), medication errors (mean 5.20; SD 1.13), end-of-life care (mean 5.05; SD 1.18), needs of parents and family (mean 5.04; SD 1.23), implementing evidence into nursing practice (mean 5.02; SD 1.03), and pain assessment (mean 5.02; SD 1.11). The research domains were prioritised and ranked: (1) pain and stress; (2) family centred care; (3) clinical nursing care practices; (4) quality and safety; (5) ethics; (6) respiratory and ventilation; (7) infection and inflammation; and (8) professional issues in neonatal intensive care nursing.

The results of this study might support developing a nursing research strategy for the nursing section of the European Society of Paediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care. In addition, this may promote more European researcher collaboratives for neonatal nursing research.

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