Effects of new military footwear on knee loading during running

Sinclair, Jonathan Kenneth orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-2231-3732, Taylor, Paul John orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-9999-8397 and Atkins, Stephen (2015) Effects of new military footwear on knee loading during running. Footwear Science, 7 (3). pp. 165-171. ISSN 1942-4280

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19424280.2015.1066879


Military recruits are known to be susceptible to chronic injuries. The knee is the most common injury site and patellofemoral pain has been demonstrated as the leading mechanism for medical military discharge. Military boots have been cited as a key mechanism responsible for the high incidence of chronic injuries. The British Army has therefore introduced two new footwears – a cross-trainer and running shoe to reduce the incidence of chronic injuries. The aim of this study was to compare knee joint kinetics of the cross-trainer and running shoe in relation to conventional military boots. Twelve male participants ran at 4.0 m s−1 in each footwear condition. Knee joint kinetics was obtained and contrasted using repeated-measures ANOVAs. The results showed that patellofemoral load was significantly greater in the military boots. However, peak knee abduction moment was significantly greater in the running shoes. On the basis of the findings from this study, it is recommended that recruits who are susceptible to injuries mediated through excessive knee loads select the cross-trainer for their running activities.

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