Multinational Experiences in Reducing and Preventing the Use of Restraint and Seclusion

LeBel, Janice L., Duxbury, Joy orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-1772-6874, Putkonen, Anu, Sprague, Titia, Rae, Carolyn and Sharpe, Joanne (2014) Multinational Experiences in Reducing and Preventing the Use of Restraint and Seclusion. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 52 (11). pp. 22-29. ISSN 0279-3695

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Restraint and seclusion (R/S) have been used in many countries and across service sectors for centuries. With the recent and increasing recognition of the harm associated with these procedures, efforts have been made to reduce and prevent R/S. Following a scathing media exposé in 1998 and congressional scrutiny, the United States began a national effort to reduce and prevent R/S use. With federal impetus and funding, an evidence-based practice, the Six Core Strategies1 to Prevent Conflict, Violence and the Use of Seclusion and Restraint, was developed. This model was widely and successfully implemented in a number of U.S. states and is being adopted by other countries, including Finland, Australia, and the United Kingdom. Recently, the first cluster randomized controlled study of the Six Core Strategies in Finland provided the first evidence-based data of the safety and effectiveness of a coercion prevention methodology. Preliminary findings of some of the international efforts are discussed. Reduction in R/S use and other positive outcomes are also reported.

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