Effective field model of roughness in magnetic nano-structures

Lepadatu, Serban orcid iconORCID: 0000-0001-6221-9727 (2015) Effective field model of roughness in magnetic nano-structures. Journal of Applied Physics, 118 (243908). pp. 243908-1. ISSN 0021-8979

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4939093


An effective field model is introduced here within the micromagnetics formulation, to study roughness in magnetic structures, by considering sub-exchange length roughness levels as a perturbation on a smooth structure. This allows the roughness contribution to be separated, which is found to give rise to an effective configurational anisotropy for both edge and surface roughness, and accurately model its effects with fine control over the roughness depth without the explicit need to refine the computational cell size to accommodate the roughness profile. The model is validated by comparisons with directly roughened structures for a series of magnetization switching
and domain wall velocity simulations and found to be in excellent agreement for roughness levels up to the exchange length. The model is further applied to vortex domain wall velocity simulations
with surface roughness, which is shown to significantly modify domain wall movement and result in dynamic pinning and stochastic creep effects.

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