Kashmir Dispute since 1947

Constable, Philip orcid iconORCID: 0000-0001-9234-1408 (2018) Kashmir Dispute since 1947. In: The Encyclopedia of Diplomacy. Wiley, Chichester. ISBN 978-1-118-88791-2

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118885154.dipl0139


The Kashmir conflict was a legacy of the partition of India in 1947. Both India and Pakistan claimed sovereignty over Kashmir leading to war in 1947–48, 1965, and 1999, as well as to its relevance in the secession of Bangladesh in 1971. The Kashmir conflict drew international attention during the Cold War as the United States, USSR, and China sought to have strategic influence in South Asia, while preferring not to be militarily involved.Within this dispute, Kashmir pursued its own autonomy and
independence of regional power interference from the late 1940s.This movement, initially under the National Conference Party led by Sheik Abdullah until 1975, turned into the militant insurgency of the Jammu-Kashmir Liberation Front in the 1980s. Kashmir reflects the difficulties that India and Pakistan have experienced since 1947 in terms of nationalist secession and the increasingly militant measures that nationalist insurgencies have taken for autonomy and independence.

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