Metal-Rich SX Phe Stars in theKeplerField

García, RA, Nemec, JM, Balona, LA, Kinemuchi, K, Murphy, SJ, Jeon, Y-B, Kurtz, DW orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-1015-3268, Pigulski, A and Ballot, J (2015) Metal-Rich SX Phe Stars in theKeplerField. EPJ Web of Conferences, 101 . 06049. ISSN 2100-014X

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High-resolution spectroscopic observations have been made for 32 of the 34 candidate SX Phe stars identified in the Kepler field by Balona & Nemec (2012). All available long- and short-cadence Q0-Q17 Kepler photometry has been analyzed for the 34 candidates. Radial velocities (RVs), space motions (U, V, W), projected rotation veloc-
ities (v sin i), spectral types, and atmospheric characteristics (Teff , log g, [M/H], vmic, etc.) were derived from ∼160 spectra taken with the ESPaDOnS spectrograph on the Canada-
France-Hawaii 3.6-m telescope and with the ARCES spectrograph on the Apache Point Observatory 3.5-m telescope. Two thirds of the stars are fast rotators with v sin i > 50 km/s, including four stars with v sin i > 200 km/s. Three of the stars have (negative) RVs > 250 km/s and retrograde space motions, and seven stars have total space motions > 400 km/s. All the spectroscopically measured SX Phe candidates have positions in a Toomre diagram that are consistent with being bona fide halo and thick-disk stars. Although several stars
show a marked metal weakness, the mean [Fe/H] of the sample is near 0.0 dex (σ ∼ 0.25
dex), which is considerably more metal-rich than is normally expected for a sample of Pop. II stars. Observed pulsation frequency modulations and optical time delays suggest that at least eight of the SX Phe stars are in binary systems, some of which show signif- icant RV variations. Six of the time-delay binaries have secondary masses ranging from
0.05 to 0.70 Mo and orbital periods in the range 9 to 1570 days. Another star appears to be an ellipsoidal variable with a 2.3-day orbital period; and two other systems have orbital
periods longer than the ∼4-year sampling interval of the Kepler data.

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