Comparative cost-effectiveness models for the treatment of multiple myeloma

Cooper, K., Picot, J., Bryant, J. and Clegg, Andrew orcid iconORCID: 0000-0001-8938-7819 (2014) Comparative cost-effectiveness models for the treatment of multiple myeloma. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, 30 (1). pp. 90-97. ISSN 0266-4623

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Objectives: To compare cost effectiveness models for the first-line treatment of multiple myeloma, and explore the differences between the models’ structure, parameters, assumptions and results.

Methods: Three cost effectiveness models for the treatment of multiple myeloma, were compared that had been developed to inform resource allocation in the UK for the chemotherapy regimens bortezomib, melphalan and prednisolone (BMP); and melphalan, prednisolone and thalidomide (MPT) versus melphalan and prednisolone (MP). The models used alternative approaches and assumptions to estimate the overall survival and progression-free survival for each of the interventions. Through the use of sensitivity analyses, the most influential parameters and assumptions of each of the models were identified.

Results: The models developed by the manufacturers gave conflicting results, with each manufacturer favouring their drug. The differences between the model results were determined by two parameters: the hazard ratio for overall survival for MPT vs. MP and the cost of bortezomib.

Conclusions: Using models developed for assessing treatments for multiple myeloma we demonstrated that it was feasible to compare models, which then aided decision makers in making reimbursement decisions.

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