Berlin Crisis, 1958-61

Colman, Jonathan orcid iconORCID: 0000-0003-1223-9679 (2018) Berlin Crisis, 1958-61. In: The Encyclopedia of Diplomacy. Wiley, New York. ISBN 978-1-118-88791-2

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Late in 1958 Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev – motivated by a variety of concerns that included large‐scale migration from the German Democratic Republic – threatened the American, British, and French military presence in West Berlin. The Western powers were unwilling to withdraw because to do so would represent a major Cold War victory for the Soviet Union. The result was an intermittent crisis which ended in August 1961, when the communist authorities built a wall around West Berlin, ending the refugee problem. Nevertheless, there were still tensions over Berlin until access arrangements for the Western allies were agreed in 1971.

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