Debattista, Victor P orcid iconORCID: 0000-0001-7902-0116 and Shen, Juntai (2007) LONG-LIVED DOUBLE-BARRED GALAXIES FROM PSEUDOBULGES. The Astrophysical Journal Letters . L127-L130. ISSN 2041-8205

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1086/511264


A large fraction of barred galaxies host secondary bars that are embedded in their large-scale primary counterparts. The evolution of such double-barred galaxies is still not well understood, partly because of a lack of realistic N-body models with which to study them. Here we report a new mechanism for generating such systems, namely, the presence of rotating pseudobulges. We demonstrate with high mass and force resolution collisionless N-body simulations that long-lived secondary bars can form spontaneously without requiring gas, contrary to previous claims. We fi that secondary bars rotate faster than primary ones. The rotation is not rigid: the secondary bars pulsate, with their amplitude and pattern speed oscillating as they rotate through the primary bars. This self-consistent study supports previous work based on orbital analysis in the potential of two rigidly rotating bars. The pulsating nature of secondary bars may have important implications for understanding the central region of double-barred galaxies

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