The JCMT Gould Belt Survey: A First Look at IC 5146

Johnstone, D., Ciccone, S., Kirk, H., Mairs, S., Buckle, J., Berry, D. S., Broekhoven-Fiene, H., Currie, M. J., Hatchell, J. et al (2017) The JCMT Gould Belt Survey: A First Look at IC 5146. The Astrophysical Journal, 836 (132). ISSN 0004-637X

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We present 450 and 850 μm submillimeter continuum observations of the IC 5146 star-forming region taken as part of the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope Gould Belt Survey. We investigate the location of bright submillimeter (clumped) emission with the larger-scale molecular cloud through comparison with extinction maps, and find that these denser structures correlate with higher cloud column density. Ninety-six individual submillimeter clumps are identified using FellWalker, and their physical properties are examined. These clumps are found to be relatively
massive, ranging from 0.5 M to 116 M with a mean mass of 8 M and a median mass of 3.7 M. A stability analysis for the clumps suggests that the majority are (thermally) Jeans stable, with M MJ < 1. We further compare the locations of known protostars with the observed submillimeter emission, finding that younger protostars, i.e., Class 0 and I sources, are strongly correlated with submillimeter peaks and that the clumps with protostars are among the most Jeans unstable. Finally, we contrast the evolutionary conditions in the two major star-forming regions within IC 5146: the young cluster associated with the Cocoon Nebula and the more distributed star formation associated with
the Northern Streamer filaments. The Cocoon Nebula appears to have converted a higher fraction of its mass into dense clumps and protostars, the clumps are more likely to be Jeans unstable, and a larger fraction of these remaining clumps contain embedded protostars. The Northern Streamer, however, has a larger number of clumps in total and a larger fraction of the known protostars are still embedded within these clumps.

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