Stochastic transients as a source of quasi-periodic processes in the solar atmosphere

Yuan, Ding orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-9514-6402, Su, Jiangtao, Jia, Fangran and Walsh, Robert William orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-1025-9863 (2016) Stochastic transients as a source of quasi-periodic processes in the solar atmosphere. The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 224 (2). ISSN 0067-0049

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Solar dynamics and turbulence occur at all heights of the solar atmosphere and could be described as stochastic processes. We propose that finite-lifetime transients recurring at a certain place could trigger quasi-periodic processes in the associated structures. In this study, we developed a mathematical model for finite-lifetime and randomly occurring transients, and found that quasi-periodic processes with periods longer than the timescale of the transients, are detectable intrinsically in the form of trains. We simulate their propagation in an empirical solar atmospheric model with chromosphere, transition region, and corona. We found that, due to the filtering effect of the chromospheric cavity, only the resonance period of the acoustic resonator is able to propagate to the upper atmosphere; such a scenario is applicable to slow magnetoacoustic waves in sunspots and active regions. If the thermal structure of the atmosphere is less wild and acoustic resonance does not take place, the long-period oscillations could propagate to the upper atmosphere. Such a case would be more likely to occur in polar plumes.

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