An Efficient Approach for Preprocessing Data from aLarge-Scale Chemical Sensor Array

Leo, Marco, Distante, Cosimo, Bernabei, Mara orcid iconORCID: 0000-0003-4331-6745 and Persaud, Krishna (2014) An Efficient Approach for Preprocessing Data from aLarge-Scale Chemical Sensor Array. Sensors, 14 (9). pp. 17786-17806. ISSN 1424-8220

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In this paper, an artificial olfactory system (Electronic Nose) that mimics the biological olfactory system is introduced. The device consists of a Large-Scale Chemical Sensor Array (16, 384 sensors, made of 24 different kinds of conducting polymer materials) that supplies data to software modules, which perform advanced data processing. In particular, the paper concentrates on the software components consisting, at first, of a crucial step that normalizes the heterogeneous sensor data and reduces their inherent noise. Cleaned data are then supplied as input to a data reduction procedure that extracts the most informative and discriminant directions in order to get an efficient representation in a lower dimensional space where it is possible to more easily find a robust mapping between the observed outputs and the characteristics of the odors in input to the device. Experimental qualitative proofs of the validity of the procedure are given by analyzing data acquired for two different pure analytes and their binary mixtures. Moreover, a classification task is performed in order to explore the possibility of automatically recognizing pure compounds and to predict binary mixture concentrations.

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