Damped spin excitations in a doped cuprate superconductor with orbital hybridization

Ivashko, O., Shaik, N. E., Lu, X., Fatuzzo, C. G., Dantz, M., Freeman, Paul Gregory orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-5376-8940, McNally, D. E., Destraz, D., Christensen, N. B. et al (2017) Damped spin excitations in a doped cuprate superconductor with orbital hybridization. Physical Review B, 95 (21). ISSN 2469-9950

[thumbnail of Version of Record]
PDF (Version of Record) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.


Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.95.214508


A resonant inelastic x-ray scattering study of overdamped spin excitations in slightly underdoped La2−x Srx CuO4 (LSCO) with x = 0.12 and 0.145 is presented. Three high-symmetry directions have been investigated: (1) the antinodal (0,0) → ( 1 ,0), (2) the nodal (0,0) → ( 1 , 1 ), and (3) the zone-boundary direction
2 4 4 ( 1 1 1 2 ,0) → ( 4 ,4 ) connecting these two. The overdamped excitations exhibit strong dispersions along (1) and (3), whereas a much more modest dispersion is found along (2). This is in strong contrast to the undoped compound
La2CuO4 (LCO) for which the strongest dispersions are found along (1) and (2). The t − t i − t ii − U Hubbard model used to explain the excitation spectrum of LCO predicts—for constant U/t —that the dispersion along (3) scales with (t i/t )2. However, the diagonal hopping t i extracted on LSCO using single-band models is low (t i/t ∼ −0.16) and decreasing with doping. We therefore invoked a two-orbital (dx2 −y2 and dz2 ) model which implies that t i is enhanced. This effect acts to enhance the zone-boundary dispersion within the Hubbard model. We thus conclude that hybridization of dx2 −y2 and dz2 states has a significant impact on the zone-boundary dispersion in LSCO.

Repository Staff Only: item control page