VALES I: the molecular gas content in star-forming dusty H-ATLAS galaxies up to z = 0.35

Villanueva, V., Ibar, E., Hughes, T. M., Lara-López, M. A., Dunne, L., Eales, S., Ivison, R. J., Aravena, M., Baes, M. et al (2017) VALES I: the molecular gas content in star-forming dusty H-ATLAS galaxies up to z = 0.35. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 470 (4). pp. 3775-3805. ISSN 0035-8711

[thumbnail of Version of Record]
PDF (Version of Record) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.


Official URL:


We present an extragalactic survey using observations from the Atacama Large Millime- ter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) to characterize galaxy populations up to z = 0.35: the Valpara´ıso ALMA Line Emission Survey (VALES). We use ALMA Band-3 CO(1–0) obser- vations to study the molecular gas content in a sample of 67 dusty normal star-forming galaxies selected from the Herschel Astrophysical Terahertz Large Area Survey (H-ATLAS). We have spectrally detected 49 galaxies at >5σ significance and 12 others are seen at low significance in stacked spectra. CO luminosities are in the range of (0.03–1.31) × 1010 K km s−1 pc2, equivalent to log(Mgas/M) = 8.9–10.9 assuming an αCO= 4.6 (K km s−1 pc2)−1, which perfectly complements the parameter space previously explored with local and high-z normal galaxies. We compute the optical to CO size ratio for 21 galaxies resolved by ALMA at ∼3.5 arcsec resolution (6.5 kpc), finding that the molecular gas is on average ∼ 0.6 times more compact than the stellar component. We obtain a global Schmidt–Kennicutt relation, given by log[:ESFR/(Myr−1 kpc−2)] = (1.26 ± 0.02) × log[:EMH2/(Mpc−2)] − (3.6 ± 0.2). We find a significant fraction of galaxies lying at ‘intermediate efficiencies’ between a long-standing mode of star formation activity and a starburst, specially at LIR = 1011–12 L. Combining our observations with data taken from the literature, we propose that star formation
efficiencies can be parametrized by log [SFR/MH2 ] = 0.19 × (log LIR − 11.45) − 8.26 −0.41 × arctan[−4.84 (log LIR − 11.45)]. Within the redshift range we explore (z < 0.35), we identify a rapid increase of the gas content as a function of redshift.

Repository Staff Only: item control page