Modelling of group combustion of droplets in a spray fuel cloud

Librovich, Bronislav (1999) Modelling of group combustion of droplets in a spray fuel cloud. Doctoral thesis, University of Central Lancashire.

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Release and combustion of a spray cloud in an atmosphere is a phenomenon encountered in a wide range of applications. For solution of a set of problems which is connected with ecology, theory of combustion and explosion, engine design, fire safety, etc. the knowledge of spray combustion behaviour is required.
To investigate the influence of a variety in density and transport coefficients and flame front structure, combustion of pure gas cloud is studied numerically.
Combustion of a small-scale spherical pocket of fuel droplets in a calm environment may be considered as a model enabling the transient combustion process to be studied conveniently in one-dimensional geometry. Apart from pure academic interest, such a study provides useful estimations of burning spray cloud characteristics which can be applied for the analysis of more complicated situations.
An analytical approach is used to find quasi-steady state distributions of gas temperature and fuel mass fraction for both pure evaporating and burning clouds. This approach is quite fruitful, it gives important qualitative analytical relationships, which help to comprehend the complex process of evaporation or combustion of spray the cloud.
Numerical method is used to solve the problem of spray cloud combustion using more common unsteady statement. Two types of ignition are used at the centre or from penphery of cloud. Two types of flames (premixed and diffusion flames) are observed in the numerical simulations. Distributions of all components and temperature are obtained at different moments of time for both types of ignition. The diffusion burning time and total evaporation time are estimated using numerical results.

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