Involving community pharmacists in pharmacy practice research: experiences of peer interviewing

Morecroft, C.W, Mackridge, A.J, Stokes, E.C, Gray, N.J, Wilson, Sarah E orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-2875-0036, Ashcroft, D.M, Mensah, N and Pickup, G.B (2015) Involving community pharmacists in pharmacy practice research: experiences of peer interviewing. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy, 37 (1). pp. 31-35. ISSN 2210-7703

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Background Translation of interest in research into active engagement of community pharmacists as research partners/co-researchers remains a challenge. Involving pharmacists in specific research techniques such as peer interviewing, however, may enhance validity of the results. Objective To enhance community pharmacists’ involvement in pharmacy practice research through peer interview training. Method A subgroup of participants in a multi-phase pharmacy practice research project trained to do peer interviews. These pharmacist interviewers attended a workshop and were mentored. Comments from their feedback forms and ongoing engagement with the Research Associate were thematically analysed. Results Positive themes from five interviewers included the importance of the topic and their wish to learn skills beyond their everyday role. The small group format of the training day helped to build confidence. Interviewers felt their shared professional background helped them to capture relevant comments and probe effectively. There were challenges, however, for interviewers to balance research activities with their daily work. Interviewers experienced difficulty in securing uninterrupted time with interviewees which sometimes affected data quality by ‘rushing’. Conclusion Community pharmacists can be engaged as peer interviewers to the benefit of the volunteers and research team, but must be well resourced and supported.

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