Self-Assembled Lipid Cubic Phase and Cubosomes for the Delivery of Aspirin as a Model Drug

Kulkarni, Chandrashekhar Vishwanath orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-5621-4791, Vishwapathi, Vinod, Quarshie, Abraham, Moinuddin, Zeinab, Page, James, Kendrekar, Pravin and Mashele, Samson S. (2017) Self-Assembled Lipid Cubic Phase and Cubosomes for the Delivery of Aspirin as a Model Drug. Langmuir, 33 (38). pp. 9907-9915. ISSN 0743-7463

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Three-dimensionally organized lipid cubic self-assemblies and derived oil-in-water emulsions called “cubosomes” are attractive for various biotechnological applications due to their ability to be loaded with functional molecules and their associated sustained release properties. Here, we employed both of these lipid-based systems for the delivery of a model drug, aspirin, under comparable conditions. Studies were performed by varying drug-to-lipid ratio and the type of release medium, water and phosphate buffer saline (PBS). Release rates were determined using UV−vis spectroscopy, and small-angle X-ray scattering was used to confirm the type of self-assembled nanostructures formed in these lipid systems. The release from the bulk lipid cubic phase was sustained as compared to that of dispersed cubosomes, and the release in PBS was more efficient than in water. The tortuosity of the architecture, length of the diffusion pathway, type of nanostructure, and physicochemical interaction with the release media evidently contribute to these observations. This work is particularly important as it is the first report where both of these nanostructured lipid systems have been studied together under similar conditions. This work provides important insights into understanding and therefore controlling the release behavior of lipid-based drug nanocarriers.

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