Guinea pig fetus does not change its presentation during second half of gestation

Petrovic, Djordje, Kopitovic, Aleksandar, Pericin-Starcevic, Ivana, Vujcic, Miodrag, Dragic, Natasa, Gouni, Olga, Topalidou, Anastasia orcid iconORCID: 0000-0003-0280-6801 and Sekulic, Slobodan (2017) Guinea pig fetus does not change its presentation during second half of gestation. Slovenian Veterinary Research, 54 (3). pp. 133-138. ISSN 1580-4003

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Objectives: The aims of this paper are: 1. To investigate spontaneous changes in fetal presentation during the second half of gestation in guinea pig fetus, 2. to observe provoked changes of fetal presentation, by passive positioning fetus into an upside-down position and “sitting” position. Eight fetuses from singleton pregnancies were included. Experimental design: Ultrasound examinations (Toshiba Nemio SSA-550A apparatus) were started on the 26th day of gestation (GD). Each fetus was examined 2-3 times in each 5-day interval until the end of gestation. First the spontaneous orientation of fetus was determined by tracking along the longitudinal and transversal axes of the fetus with the ultrasound probe. Then the fetus was brought into a head-down position relative to gravity for 5 minutes. The examination was repeated with the fetus in the head-up position. Results: In the period from the 26th – 30th GD in 7 of 21 observations spontaneous changes of presentation were observed. From the 31st GD all 133 observations were negative regarding spontaneous changes of presentation and situs. The chi-squared test showed that difference in spontaneous changes of presentation and situs before versus after 30th day of gestation had a statistical significance (χ² = 25.16 p <0.05). Frequency of ultrasound examinations before and after 30th day of gestation was not statistically significant (Fisher exact chi square p = 0.46, p > 0.05). Fetuses were brought into a head-down and head-up 154 times. In none of these attempts did a fetus change presentation during the five minutes of observation. Conclusion: Guinea pig fetuses do not spontaneously or at provocation change presentation after 30th GD.

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