How do oral and maxillofacial surgeons manage concussion?

Hammond, Douglas, Welbury, Richard orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-9322-2440, Sammons, Gregory Allan, Toman, Emma, Harland, M and Rice, S (2018) How do oral and maxillofacial surgeons manage concussion? British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery . ISSN 0266-4356

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL:


Craniofacial trauma results in distracting injuries that are easy to see, and as oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMFS) we gravitate towards injuries that can be seen and are treatable surgically. However, we do tend not to involve ourselves (and may potentially overlook) injuries that are not obvious either visually or radiographically, and concussion is one such. We reviewed the records of 500 consecutive patients who presented with facial fractures at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham, to identify whether patients had been screened for concussion, and how they had been managed. Of the 500 cases 186 (37%) had concussion, and 174 (35%) had a more severe traumatic brain injury. The maxillofacial team documented loss of consciousness in 314 (63%) and pupillary reactions in 215 (43%). Ninety-three (19%) were referred for a neurosurgical opinion, although most of these were patients who presented with a Glasgow coma scale (GCS) of ≤13. Only 37 patients (7%) were referred to the traumatic brain injury clinic. Recent reports have indicated that 15% of all patients diagnosed with concussion have symptoms that persist for longer than two weeks. These can have far-reaching effects on recovery, and have an appreciable effect on the psychosocial aspects of the patients' lives. As we have found, over one third of patients with craniofacial trauma are concussed. We think, therefore, that all patients who have been referred to OMFS with craniofacial trauma should be screened for concussion on admission, and at the OMFS follow up clinic. In addition, there should be an agreement between consultants that such patients should be referred to the traumatic brain injury clinic for follow up. [Abstract copyright: Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.]

Repository Staff Only: item control page