A 3D Voronoi+Gapper Galaxy Cluster Finder in Redshift Space to z∼ 0.2 I: an Algorithm Optimized for the 2dFGRS

Pereira, Sebastián, Campusano, Luis E., Hitschfeld-Kahler, Nancy, Pizarro, Daniel, Haines, Christopher P., Clowes, Roger G orcid iconORCID: 0000-0001-8370-465X, Marinello, Gabriel and Söchting, Ilona K. (2017) A 3D Voronoi+Gapper Galaxy Cluster Finder in Redshift Space to z∼ 0.2 I: an Algorithm Optimized for the 2dFGRS. The Astrophysical Journal, 838 (2). p. 109. ISSN 0004-637X

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/838/2/109


This paper is the first in a series, presenting a new galaxy cluster finder based on a three-dimensional Voronoi Tesselation plus a maximum likelihood estimator, followed by gapping-filtering in radial velocity(VoML+G). The scientific aim of the series is a reassessment of the diversity of optical clusters in the local universe. A mock galaxy database mimicking the southern strip of the magnitude(blue)-limited 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey (2dFGRS), for the redshift range 0.009 < z < 0.22, is built on the basis of the Millennium Simulation of the LCDM cosmology and a reference catalog of "Millennium clusters," spannning across the 1.0 × 1012–1.0 × 1015 M ⊙ h −1 dark matter (DM) halo mass range, is recorded. The validation of VoML+G is performed through its application to the mock data and the ensuing determination of the completeness and purity of the cluster detections by comparison with the reference catalog. The execution of VoML+G over the 2dFGRS mock data identified 1614 clusters, 22% with N g ≥ 10, 64 percent with 10 > N g ≥ 5, and 14% with N g < 5. The ensemble of VoML+G clusters has a ~59% completeness and a ~66% purity, whereas the subsample with N g ≥ 10, to z ~ 0.14, has greatly improved mean rates of ~75% and ~90%, respectively. The VoML+G cluster velocity dispersions are found to be compatible with those corresponding to "Millennium clusters" over the 300–1000 km s−1 interval, i.e., for cluster halo masses in excess of ~3.0 × 1013 M ⊙ h −1.

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