A Novel Physical Layer Secure Key Generation and Refreshment Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks

Moara-Nkwe, Kemedi, Shi, Qi, Lee, Gyu Myoung and Hashem Eiza, Mahmoud orcid iconORCID: 0000-0001-9114-8577 (2018) A Novel Physical Layer Secure Key Generation and Refreshment Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks. IEEE Access, 6 . pp. 11374-11387. ISSN 2169-3536

[thumbnail of Author Accepted Manuscript]
PDF (Author Accepted Manuscript) - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.


Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2806423


Physical Layer Secure Key Generation (PL-SKG) schemes have received a lot of attention from the wireless security community in recent years because of the potential benefits that they could bring to the security landscape. These schemes aim to strengthen current security protocols by reducing the amount of key material that devices need for deployment. They do this by harnessing the common source of randomness provided by the wireless channel that the physical layer is communicating over.
This is of particular importance in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) where resources are particularly scarce and where issues such as key revocation and recovery make the design of efficient key management schemes extremely difficult. This paper discusses the issues and challenges encountered in the design and implementation of PL-SKG schemes on off-the-shelf wireless sensor networks. It then proposes a novel key generation scheme that takes advantage of both the power and simplicity of classic error correcting codes and also the diversity of frequency channels available on 802.15.4 compliant nodes to generate keys from received signal strength (RSS) readings. This paper shows that our key generation and refreshment scheme can achieve a near 100% key reconciliation rate whilst also providing perfect forward and backward

Repository Staff Only: item control page