Multidevice Map-Constrained Fingerprint-Based Indoor Positioning Using 3-D Ray Tracing

Raspopoulos, Marios orcid iconORCID: 0000-0003-1513-6018 (2018) Multidevice Map-Constrained Fingerprint-Based Indoor Positioning Using 3-D Ray Tracing. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, 67 (2). pp. 466-476. ISSN 0018-9456

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This paper studies the use of deterministic channel modelling through 3D Ray Tracing (RT) for constructing deviceindependent radiomaps for Wi–Fi RSSI–based fingerprinting indoor positioning, applicable to different devices. Device heterogeneity constitutes a limitation in fingerprint–based approaches and also constructing radiomaps through extensive in-situ measurement campaigns is laborious and time-consuming even with a single device let alone the need for radiomaps constructed using multiple different devices. This work tackles both challenges through the use of 3D RT for radiomap generation in conjunction with data calibration using a small set of device-specific measurements to make the radiomap device–independent. The efficiency of this approach is evaluated using simulations and measurements in terms of the time spent to generate the radiomap, the amount of device-specific data required for calibration and in terms of the achievable positioning accuracy. Potential accuracy improvements in the RT-based indoor positioning processes are further investigated, by studying the use of map constraints into the algorithm in the form of a–priori probabilities. In this approach, a Route Probability Factor (RPF), which reflects the likelihood of a user being in various locations inside the environment is used. The outcome of the evaluation process which includes a study of different RPF distributions, indicates the validity of the approach, demonstrated by a reduction in the positioning error for various devices. The versatility of this approach is also demonstrated for different scenarios, different devices and by considering different device-handling conditions.

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