Word n+2 preview effects in three-character chinese idioms and phrases

Yu, Lili, Cutter, Michael, Yan, Guoli, Bai, Xuejun, Fu, Yu, Drieghe, Denis and Liversedge, Simon Paul orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-8579-8546 (2016) Word n+2 preview effects in three-character chinese idioms and phrases. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 31 (9). pp. 1130-1149. ISSN 2327-3798

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/23273798.2016.1197954


Prior research using the boundary paradigm suggests that Chinese readers only process word n+2 in the parafovea when word n+1 is a single character, high-frequency word. We attempted to replicate these findings (Experiment 1), and investigated whether greater n+2 preview effects are observed when word n+1 and n+2 form an idiom rather than a phrase (Experiment 2). Experiment 1 replicated prior findings, although additional analyses of word n+1 and n+2 as a single region revealed significant preview effects regardless of word n+1 frequency. In Experiment 2 there was a main effect of phrase type, such that idioms were read more quickly than phrases, and significant n+2 preview effects. There was no interaction between these variables, suggesting that idioms are not parafoveally processed to a greater extent than phrases. These results suggest that n+2 preview effects in Chinese occur under several circumstances. Factors influencing the observation of these effects are discussed.

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