Forecasting Solar Energetic Particle Fluence with Multi-Spacecraft Observations

Laitinen, Timo Lauri mikael orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-7719-7783, Dalla, Silvia orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-7837-5780, Battarbee, Markus orcid iconORCID: 0000-0001-7055-551X and Marsh, M.S. (2018) Forecasting Solar Energetic Particle Fluence with Multi-Spacecraft Observations. Proceedings of IAU Symposium 335: Space Weather of the Heliosphere: Processes and Forecasts, 13 (s335). pp. 298-300. ISSN 1743-9213

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Forecasting Solar Energetic Particle (SEP) fluence, as integrated over an SEP event, is an important element when estimating the effect of solar eruptions on humans and technology in space. Current real-time estimates are based on SEP measurements at a single location in space. However, the interplanetary magnetic field corotates with the Sun approximately 13 each day with respect to Earth, thus in 4 days a near-Earth spacecraft will have changed their connection about 60 from the original SEP source. We estimate the effect of the corotation on particle fluence using a simple particle transport model, and show that ignoring corotation can cause up to an order of magnitude error in fluence estimations, depending on the interplanetary particle transport conditions. We compare the model predictions with STEREO observations of SEP events

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