Shape of LOSVDs in Barred Disks: Implications for Future IFU Surveys

Zhao-Yu, Li, Shen, Juntai, Bureau, Martin, Zhou, Yingying, Du, Min and Debattista, Victor P orcid iconORCID: 0000-0001-7902-0116 (2018) Shape of LOSVDs in Barred Disks: Implications for Future IFU Surveys. The Astrophysical Journal, 854 (65). ISSN 0004-637X

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The shape of line-of-sight velocity distributions (LOSVDs) carries important information about the internal dynamics of galaxies. The skewness of LOSVDs represents their asymmetric deviation from a Gaussian profile. Correlations between the skewness parameter (h 3) and the mean velocity ($\overline{V}$) of a Gauss–Hermite series reflect the underlying stellar orbital configurations of different morphological components. Using two self-consistent N-body simulations of disk galaxies with different bar strengths, we investigate ${h}_{3}-\overline{V}$ correlations at different inclination angles. Similar to previous studies, we find anticorrelations in the disk area, and positive correlations in the bar area when viewed edge-on. However, at intermediate inclinations, the outer parts of bars exhibit anticorrelations, while the core areas dominated by the boxy/peanut-shaped (B/PS) bulges still maintain weak positive correlations. When viewed edge-on, particles in the foreground/background disk (the wing region) in the bar area constitute the main velocity peak, whereas the particles in the bar contribute to the high-velocity tail, generating the ${h}_{3}-\overline{V}$ correlation. If we remove the wing particles, the LOSVDs of the particles in the outer part of the bar only exhibit a low-velocity tail, resulting in a negative ${h}_{3}-\overline{V}$ correlation, whereas the core areas in the central region still show weakly positive correlations. We discuss implications for IFU observations on bars, and show that the variation of the ${h}_{3}-\overline{V}$ correlation in the disk galaxy may be used as a kinematic indicator of the bar and the B/PS bulge.

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