Arthroscopic Excision of Medial Knee Plica: A Meta-Analysis of Outcomes

Gerrard, Adam Daniel and Charalambous, Charalambos P. (2018) Arthroscopic Excision of Medial Knee Plica: A Meta-Analysis of Outcomes. Knee Surgery & Related Research, 30 (4). pp. 356-363. ISSN 2234-0726

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A meta-analysis was performed to assess the outcomes following surgical intervention for medial knee plica. A literature search of Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL and Cochrane CENTRAL was performed using relevant key words. The primary outcome was patient-reported postoperative scores of "good" and "excellent". Meta-analyses were performed using a random effects model. The literature search identified 731 articles. After removing duplicates and those not meeting the inclusion criteria, 12 articles reporting on a total of 643 knees were included for analysis, and of these, 7 articles including 235 knees were used for meta-analysis. The overall rate of good and excellent outcomes following surgery was estimated at 84.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 72.8-91.4). In those cases that had non-surgical therapy prior to surgery, the rate of good and excellent outcomes of surgery was estimated at 76.1% (95% CI, 60.1-87). Arthroscopic surgical management of symptomatic medial knee plica results in favourable outcomes. Our results suggest that arthroscopic surgical excision should be considered as a treatment modality in patients with pathological medial plica disease of the knee either as a first-line treatment or when symptoms have not responded to non-surgical interventions. IV.

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