Hierarchical porous TiO2 single crystals templated from partly glassified polystyrene

Guo, Hongli, Sen, Tapas orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-0463-7485, Zhang, Jinlong and Wang, Lingzhi (2019) Hierarchical porous TiO2 single crystals templated from partly glassified polystyrene. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 538 . pp. 248-255. ISSN 0021-9797

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2018.11.067


Hierarchical macro-mesoporous anatase TiO single crystal is one-pot synthesized in an EtOH-H O system using polystyrene (PS) as the single porogen both for macropore and mesopore and TiF as the titanium precursor. The key to the simultaneous growth of single crystal and the introduction of hierarchical pores is the assembly of PS and titania at the glassification temperature of PS (100 °C). During the hydrolytic polymerization of TiF , PS is encapsulated inside titania and gradually glassified. The interference from elastic PS on the oriental growth of TiO crystallite is thus minimized and the final removal of PS through calcination leaves interconnected macropore and mesopore inside the single crystal. According to XPS, EPR and fluorescence analyses, abundant oxygen vacancies are formed on the hierarchical porous single crystal, which presents extraordinary photocatalytic activity and stability in degrading organic pollutants under simulated sunlight irradiation using Rhodamine B as the model. The improved photocatalytic activity is a synergistic effect of improved separation of charge carrier and facilitated interfacial charge transfer benefitting from highly accessible porous single crystal structure. [Abstract copyright: Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.]

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