Determinants of halal-food consumption in Indonesia

Vanany, Iwan, Soon, Jan Mei orcid iconORCID: 0000-0003-0488-1434, Maryani, Anny and Wibawa, Berto Mulia (2019) Determinants of halal-food consumption in Indonesia. Journal of Islamic Marketing . ISSN 1759-0833

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Purpose: Indonesia has the largest Muslim population in the world and represents a significant global market opportunity for halal food producers. Surprisingly, halal food consumption in Indonesia remain under-researched. Thus, this study aims to investigate the factors influencing consumers’ halal food consumption using an extended Theory of Planned Behaviour model.
Methodology: Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire consisting of 418 consumers in Surabaya, Indonesia. Multiple regression analyses were used to describe the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) relationship and halal
food consumption.
Findings: This study successfully extended the TPB to include additional predictors: perceived awareness, habit, religious self-identity (RSI), moral obligations and trust to determine consumers’ intention in halal food consumption. Attitudes, RSI and moral obligations were significant predictors of intention to consume halal food.
Practical implications: The findings can be used by the government and food producers to target specific factors especially positive attitudes, RSI and moral obligations. Indonesia Ulama Council (Majelis Ulama Indonesia), food industry and the media play a critical role in sustaining consumers’ positive attitude towards halal food consumption. It is critical for food manufacturers to tailor their marketing strategies and consider promoting Islamic dietary rules when promoting their food products.
Originality/value: This study is one of the first attempts to investigate the determinants of halal food consumption using an extended TPB in Indonesia

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