Physical Health in people with Intellectual disabilities

Chauhan, Umesh orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-0747-591X, Courtney, Ken and Hoghton, Matt (2020) Physical Health in people with Intellectual disabilities. In: Psychiatry of Intellectual Disability. Oxford University Press, pp. 203-211. ISBN 978-0-19-879458-5

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Official URL: https://oxfordmedicine.com/view/10.1093/med/978019...

Abstract

People with intellectual disabilities have a shorter life expectancy and an increased mortality rate across all ages compared to the general population. The main contributors to the health inequalities experienced by people with intellectual disabilities include:
(1) Social determinants such as poverty and unemployment;
(2) Health problems related to intellectual disabilities (such as congenital abnormalities related to people with moderate to profound intellectual disabilities);
(3) Limited communication and health literacy skills, which may reduce their capacity to understand and convey health needs effectively to others;
(4) Personal health risks related to diet and sedentary lifestyle; and
(5) Organisational barriers to accessing mainstream health care


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