Patient Characteristics Affect Hip Contact Forces during Gait

De Pieri, E, Lunn, DE, Chapman, Graham orcid iconORCID: 0000-0003-3983-6641, Rasmussen, KP, Ferguson, SJ and Redmond, AC (2019) Patient Characteristics Affect Hip Contact Forces during Gait. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 27 (6). pp. 895-905. ISSN 1063-4584

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Objective: To examine hip contact force (HCF), calculated through multibody modelling, in a large total hip replacement (THR) cohort stratified by patient characteristics such as BMI, age and function.
Design: 132 THR patients undertook one motion capture session of gait analysis at a self-selected walking speed. HCFs were then calculated using the AnyBody Modelling System. Patients were stratified into three BMI groups, five age groups, and finally three functional groups determined by their self-selected gait speed. Independent 1-dimensional linear regression analyses were performed to separately evaluate the influence of age, BMI and functionality on HCF, by means of statistical parametric mapping (SPM).
Results: The mean predicted HCF were comparable to HCFs measured with an instrumented prosthesis reported in the literature. The regression analyses revealed a statistically significant positive relationship between BMI and HCF, indicating that obese patients are more likely to experience higher HCF during most of the stance phase, while a statistically significant relationship with age was found only during the late swing-phase. Patients with higher functional ability exhibited significantly increased peak contact forces, while patients with lower functional ability displayed a pathological flattening of the typical double hump force profile.
Conclusions: HCFs experienced at the bearing surface are highly dependent on patient characteristics. BMI and functional ability were determined to have the biggest influence on contact force. Current preclinical testing standards do not reflect this.

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