Diverting young men from gangs: a qualitative evaluation

Boulton, Laura orcid iconORCID: 0000-0001-5623-8884, Phythian, Rebecca orcid iconORCID: 0000-0001-6423-2116 and Kirby, Stuart (2019) Diverting young men from gangs: a qualitative evaluation. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 42 (5). pp. 887-900. ISSN 1363-951X

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1108/PIJPSM-04-2019-0043


Purpose: Serious Organised Crime (SOC) costs the UK billions of pounds every year and is associated with significant negative health, social and wellbeing outcomes. This study aims to evaluate whether young people can be diverted from involvement in SOC using preventive intervention approaches.
Design: A qualitative thematic analysis was conducted on data collected from semi-structured interviews with practitioners involved in a six-month intervention, which specifically aimed to divert ‘at risk’ young people away from SOC involvement.
Findings: Themes arising from the analysis are: (i) risk and vulnerability factors associated with young people involved in organised crime; (ii) what worked well during this intervention; (iii) what outcomes, both hard and soft, were generated; as well as (iv) the specific challenges to the success of preventive programmes.
Implications: Overall, the study highlights the problematic nature of diverting ‘at risk’ youths from SOC and provides recommendations for future preventive intervention work in the field of SOC. Specifically, it suggests that longer term interventions, targeted at younger children, may generate better behavioural outcomes if they focus on building trusting relationships with credible support workers (i.e. have lived experience of SOC).
Originality: With a growing body of evidence suggesting that young people are being increasingly exploited for organised criminal purposes, an approach which prevents involvement in SOC makes theoretical and economic sense. However, little research has empirically tested its utility in practice. This study seeks to address this gap.

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